It is never a good feeling when you find cracks in your foundation. A cracked foundation is often a sign that you are going to need significant repairs to your home in the near future. The question is, how urgent is the house foundation repair going to be? Are some cracks more serious than others? The fact is, the crack itself can help to determine what is causing foundation issues and even the extent of the issue. Here are some types of cracks that you might find in your foundation, and how serious of a problem they might signify.

cracked foundation

Horizontal Cracks

We’ll start with possibly the most serious type of cracked foundation. Horizontal cracks can mean that your foundation has very severe damage. They are usually present in concrete block foundations. Soil putting pressure on the foundation is the main cause of horizontal cracks. If the soil is too moist it will put what is known as hydrostatic pressure on the foundation. This pressure will eventually cause the foundation to crack as it is pushed inwards. If you see horizontal cracks, then make sure to call a foundation specialist immediately to assess the situation. The house foundation repair may require your foundation to be reinforced with piers and beams. The faster you address the problem, the better.

Diagonal Cracks

Diagonal cracks are usually in a 30 to 75-degree angle. In most cases, these cracks widen from one end to the other. These are caused when the house settles improperly. If one side of a home settles deeper than the other, then the weight of the home is distributed unevenly. Many times this happens to houses built on hills, but it can also happen if the soil under one side expands or contracts at a different rate than the other side. House foundation repair for diagonal cracks is probably the most expensive because the original problem that caused the cracks needs to be fixed as well. In many cases, the solution is to keep water from pooling at the base of your home. This might mean fixing the gutters so that water is properly directed away from your home. It may also require re-grading the soil so that rainwater flows away from the house. A professional will be able to examine your cracked foundation to determine the best course of action.

Vertical Cracks

Cracks that run up and down the foundation are quite common and might be the least serious. They may have a slight angle, but for the most part, they are pretty straightforward. Vertical cracks happen to most houses and are usually caused by the natural settling of the building. Brand new houses sometimes have these kinds of cracks. All that’s needed to repair these cracks is an injection of an epoxy or urethane product. Sealing these cracks will make sure that as the foundation settles they will not open up again.

When You Have a Cracked Foundation

It’s always a good idea to know what different cracks mean if you have a cracked foundation. That way, if you identify them in your home, you know how much you need to be concerned. If you ever think that you have a serious problem, no matter what the cracks on your foundation look like, then make sure to contact a professional for help. House foundation repair is not a do-it-yourself job, and mistakes can lead to further problems. In San Antonio, call Arredondo for all of your foundation needs.

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