House Leveling 101: Learn the Basics.
When doors stick and floors creak with ferocity, a home could have foundation problems. The foundation is merely a concrete pad, but is one of the most important components to a building’s envelope. It supports all the home’s materials, including protection for residents. Learning the basics about house leveling is important when residents face possible slab repairs or other major renovations.
House Leveling Supports
A basic service of any foundation contractor is adding concrete or metal supports. Each property is unique to its foundation design, so professionals look over the structure to devise the simplest and most effective repair plan. Slab repairs often include supports driven into the ground to shore up the structure’s weight. Supports could be installed within a crawl space at ground level or forced underneath the home with other strategies. Holding the structure’s weight is the main focus for any leveling project.
Replacing Decaying Wood
A structure could have wood joists supporting some of the weight across the foundation. If joists fail, the home could place uneven strain on the foundation. The slab slowly breaks down as the weight continues to force its way downward. Contractors must replace this decaying wood where possible to balance out the building’s weight. Slab repairs continue from that point to make all supports as strong as possible.
Shimming the Structure
Not all leveling strategies work for every structure, but jacking and shimming could be a solution for some homes. Professionals lift part of the slab and add strong shims in specific locations. Similar to leveling a refrigerator or dishwasher, these shims create a level area for the home to rest upon. Contractors must evaluate a home carefully before deciding on any major repair strategies, however. If the ground tends to shift from poor soil content, shimming may only work temporarily.
Preventing Further Shifting
House leveling won’t be permanent if the property isn’t cared for appropriately. After slab repairs, take care of the foundation by keeping puddled water and irrigation components far from the home. Water saturating the ground below the home only contributes to shifting and structural instability.
Whether a home resides in San Antonio or Atlantic City, all foundations are vulnerable to possible decay over time. The moment any resident notices unusual cracking or other structural issues, they must contact professionals to survey the site. Catching any foundation problems early can ease house leveling costs and reduce overall damages.