Typical home construction consists of a poured, concrete slab and a structure bolted to it. A home is only as strong as its base, however, and many signs can point to a poorly leveled home. Over time, the structure shifts and may not be noticeable for many years. Careful observation allows homeowners to determine if a professional must be called in for an official estimate.
Some Signs To Look For To See if House Leveling is Needed
San Antonio, Texas receives a lot of rain in the spring, causing potential floods each year. A structure may need house leveling if rainwater does not have a proper outlet. For example, rain gutters direct water to the ground immediately adjacent to the foundation. Water slowly percolates beside and below the house. As a result, wet soil shifts, causing extensive damage to the concrete slab. Foundation repair is a homeowner’s only choice to level the structure once again.
Interior Floors And Walls
House leveling is required if the structure has sloping floors. If a homeowner can roll a ball by simply placing it on the floor, the structure has shifted. Foundation repair stops the home from sinking or shifting to the side. This shifting also affects the walls. Inspect the home’s walls by pulling furniture into the center of the room. Substantial cracks tell homeowners that a professional needs to be called. Point out any cracks during the official estimate. These cracks tell a story about the foundation’s shifting direction and helps the contractor pinpoint the structural issues.
Doors And Windows
When a home is initially built, the windows and doors are hung square to allow them free movement within their respective frames. House leveling is necessary if homeowners encounter hindered door and window movement. Stuck doors and windows mean that the foundation has shifted to a poorly leveled position. If neglected, the door and window frames may be permanently warped, causing them to freeze in place.
Older structures may have poorly built concrete slabs requiring foundation repair. If a homeowner has access to their home’s original blueprints, they may see no notation for concrete rebar. Rebar, or steel reinforcing rods, are used in modern concrete construction. A contractor creates a checkerboard configuration of rebar in a concrete form before pouring the concrete. Structures built before the 1960s may not have rebar, causing foundation failure over time.
San Antonio’s clay soil also causes structural instability. A professional needs to analyze a soil sample to verify if a home is improperly leveled from clay soil shifting. Rain and normal expansion or contraction over time causes clay soil movement.